Skip to main content

Book Review: Poos Ki Raat by Munshi Premchand

Poos Ki Raat is a very famous short story by legendary Hindi writer Munshi Premchand. This story is widely circulated in the schools of India for various mediums, in English it is often taught as Wintry Night or January Night. Halku is a poor farmer who owes money to his landlord, Sahna. Whatever crop Halku toils, most of the share goes to his landlord as the interest rate on the borrowed money is so high that Halku has a feeling that he will not be able to pay off the debt all his life. Sahna is waiting outside Halku’s home, demanding money. Somehow Halku has managed to save three rupees to buy a new blanket, since he needs a heavy blanket while guarding his field at night. Munni, his wife, is reluctant to give that hard-saved money to the landlord but Halku insists that cold nights are better than his jibes. He gives away the money to Sahna.


In the dark and extremely cold night Halku reaches his field. He settles down in a cot under a thatch canopy made of bagasse. Under the cot is lying his dog, Jabra, which is whining since the cold waves of the night are difficult to resist.

While smoking cheroot Halku is cursing his fate over land lordship and finding it difficult to survive through the cold of the night. He hides his face between his limbs but to no avail, he keeps on tossing and turning but finds no warmth. Forgetting all the difference between a man and an animal, he calls the dog on his cot and embraces him. Halku feels little cozy but soon the dog senses something awry and barks while running into the field. Halku looks at the starry sky but to his dismay finds Saptarishi (Big Dipper) constellation twinkling vividly, the morning is far.

Not so far from his field, lies a mango orchard. Halku prepares a broom of lentil crop and rakes up a heap of fallen dead leaves. Upon setting the bonfire he forces the dog to leap over the fire, which he does twice. With the heat coming as a relief Halku feels elated and thinks that he has beaten the gloomy dampness of the night. Halku is so much delighted that a sense of lethargy overwhelms him, and he forgets to take care of the field. Soon blue bulls attack his farm, the dog barks and runs into the field. Instead of taking up the responsibility of shooing away animals, Halku tumbles into a dead sleep on the snug and dry soil around the bonfire. When the morning arrives, bright sun rays are stamping their presence all around the village. Halku is awakened by his wife, who is lamenting him for his negligence in the duty. Long before Halku can realize, the field has been destroyed by blue bulls. Munni is sad but Halku is happy because he gets rid of guarding the field in wintry nights. He will pay off the debt by working as a labour instead of a farm owner. 

Comments

  1. I love this story

    ReplyDelete
  2. We have to learn from this story that how to keep patience in difficult situation

    ReplyDelete

Post a Comment

Popular posts from this blog

Book Review: The Blue Umbrella by Ruskin Bond

Among all Ruskin Bond books, The Blue Umbrella has, so far, gathered immense applaud from readers and critics alike.  This is a short novel, but the kind of moral lessons it teaches to us are simply overwhelming. This is a story of Binya, a poor little girl living with her mother and an elder brother, Bijju, in a small hilly village of Garhwal. One day while herding her two cows back home, she stumbles upon some city people enjoying the picnic in the valley. She is enthralled to see them well-groomed and rich. She craves to be one like them and among many other things of their, a blue frilly umbrella catches her attention. She begins craving for it. On the other hand, the city people get attracted by her innocent beauty and the pendant in her neck. The pendant consists of leopard’s claw – which is considered a mascot widely in the hills. Binya trades her pendant off with the blue umbrella. The blue umbrella is so much beautiful that soon it becomes a topic of conversation fo

Poem Summary: Where The Mind Is Without Fear by Rabindranath Tagore

Poem by Rabindranath Tagore: Where the mind is without fear and the head is held high Where knowledge is free Where the world has not been broken up into fragments By narrow domestic walls Where words come out from the depth of truth Where tireless striving stretches its arms towards perfection Where the clear stream of reason has not lost its way Into the dreary desert sand of dead habit Where the mind is led forward by thee Into ever-widening thought and action Into that heaven of freedom, my Father, let my country awake. Short Summary: This poem is written by Rabindranath Tagore during pre-independence days, when India was a colony of the British. The underlying theme of the poem is absolute freedom; the poet wants the citizens of his country to be living in a free state. According to the poem, we see that the poet is expressing his views there should be a country, like where people live without any sort of fear and with pure dignity…they should

Character Sketch of Binya from ‘The Blue Umbrella’ by Ruskin Bond

The Blue Umbrella by Ruskin Bond is a popular children’s story. It features Binya as the main character, though there are other important characters as well, but the story revolves around Binya and her little beautiful umbrella. The story is widely popular among children, thus it has also been included in the schools’ syllabus all across the country. Since it is often taught in the school, thus the character sketch of Binya is often demanded by students from year to year. Character Sketch of Binya from The Blue Umbrella by Ruskin Bond Binya is the main character of the novel ‘The Blue Umbrella’ by Ruskin Bond. Her full name is Binyadevi. As in the hills or anywhere in India it is a kind of trend to call children with their short nicknames. Binya’s elder brother’s name is Bijju, whereas his real name is Vijay. Binya aged eleven is a hilly girl. She lives with her small family in the hills of Garhwal. Her father died when she was two years of age. For sustenance, the